Safeguarding FAQs and Resources

As a leading provider of Health & Safety eLearning, our experts are often asked about Safeguarding, both children and vulnerable adults. We've collected all of those questions and answered them for you below...

  • Safeguarding FAQs

    Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards FAQs

    What is DoLS?

    The deprivation of liberty safeguards allows restraint and restrictions in a person's best interest, that results in a deprivation of liberty which are widely used in hospitals and care homes.

    In order for the safeguard to be put in place, the care homes and hospitals must get permission from a local authority.

    Why was DoLS introduced?

    The DoLS was created after an autistic man was admitted to hospital and was unlawfully held there due to the absence of legal procedure. DoLS was created to protect the interest of patients who are no longer able to care for themselves. They aim to provide each patient with much independence as is possible, give them the rights to challenge their care and avoid bureaucracy.

    Who can be cared for under DoLS?

    Only people in Care Homes and Hospitals can be registered under DoLS. The conditions that should be met include:

    • Being older than 18
    • If someone can not make decisions about the proposed restrictions for their own best interests
    • The patient has a mental disorder
    • The deprivation of liberty restrictions trying to be put in place is actually in the patient's best interest and they are rejecting it
    • Query whether the patient should be referred to the Mental Capacity Act?
    • The restrictions would not be in their best interest

     

    Why do I need to keep records?

    Records need to be kept to understand why DoLs was applied, as it is an important part of the law and is good practice too.

    Authorities are also able to show that someone was deprived of their liberty lawfully and should a patient's situation or attitude later change. Records should be used as way of a way to safely issue deprivation of liberty while ensuring that they are legally compliant.

    When can someone be deprived of their liberty?

    There are 6 steps that qualify someone to be deprived of their liberty:

    • Being older than 18
    • If someone can not make decisions about the proposed restrictions for their own best interests
    • The patient has a mental disorder
    • The deprivation of liberty restrictions trying to be put in place is actually in the patient's best interest and they are rejecting it
    • Query whether the patient should be referred to the Mental Capacity Act?
    • The restrictions would not be in their best interest

     

    How do you authorise DoLS?

    DoLS can be authorised if the above criteria have been met, and then lasts for 1 year after being issued, but can stop sooner if no longer required. A managing authority has to request a deprivation of liberty which is then sent to a supervisory body. In 21 days it is then decided if someone can be deprived. The supervisory body then send assessors to see if the deprivation of liberty can go ahead.

    Is their legislation for DoLS?

    Yes, DoLS is an amendment to the Mental Capacity Act 2005.

     

    Safeguarding Children FAQs

    What is safeguarding?

    Safeguarding is the actions taken to protect vulnerable people from harm. Safeguarding children refers to children under the age of 18. Part of safeguarding children is being able to identify harm to children as well as protecting them from harm.

    I think a child is being abused, what do I do?

    If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected but you have not had confirmation from them you can:

    • Keep talking to them - this might encourage them to speak up about what is happening
    • Talk to someone yourself - you can call the NSPCC on 0808 800 5000 to report any concerns
    • Make notes - keep track of what you are seeing, noticing, certain behaviours or what a child is telling you.
    • Ask others - talk to someone else you trust about what you have noticed in a child and ask what they think
    • Teachers and health visitors - these professionals may have also noticed the signs and you can discuss how to move forward.

     

    What are the signs of abuse in a child?

    These are just SOME of the signs that a child is being abused or neglected…

    • They seem withdrawn
    • Anxious
    • Aggressive
    • Lack of sleep or appetite
    • They are abusing Drugs or alcohol
    • Self-harm
    • Wetting the bed or soiling themselves
    • Missing school
    • Nightmares
    • Unwashed or old clothes
    • Sudden changes in behaviour

     

    What is a safeguarding policy?

    A safeguarding policy is a policy that states what an organisation does to keep vulnerable individuals safe. It should include what the organisation aims to do to protect children through a statement, respond to concerns about children and finally what procedures are in place to work alongside their mission statement.

    Are any children that are more likely to be vulnerable?

    Just some of the characteristics of vulnerable young children can be seen below:

    • Orphaned or abandoned children
    • Children living in poverty
    • Those living in places of armed conflict
    • Those with a disability
    • Malnourished children
    • Abused children
    • HIV positive children
    • Those who are unable to achieve a reasonable standard of health without the assistance of social care
    • Those with a mental or physical impairment

     

    Why is safeguarding important?

    It is a statutory duty for those who work in schools and it is a legal requirement. Safeguarding is important to protect and care for the safety of those who need it. It is also important to protect their development and what they are being exposed to. Safeguarding is essentially about protecting children from harm.

    Do I need a DBS check?

    It is often stated whether or not an employer will require you to get a DBS check. But generally speaking, if you are working around vulnerable people or children, then you are likely to require one. It is not something that everyone is expected to have, but if you are hoping to go into an industry working with these people then it might be a good idea to pass a DBS check.

     

    Safeguarding Adults FAQs

    What are the criteria for a vulnerable adult?

    Some adults that may be in need of safeguarding are:

    • The elderly or frail - those who may be of ill health
    • Those with learning disabilities
    • Those with long term illnesses
    • Those with physical disabilities
    • Those with mental disabilities
    • Carers that might be being abused
    • Residents in care facilities
    • Someone who is unable to protect themselves against harm

     

    What is a safeguarding adults policy?

    A safeguarding policy is a policy that states what an organisation does to keep vulnerable individuals safe. It should outline the duties of those working in care, education, health or social care to protect individuals from harm. These duties should include all staff in a workplace and should extend into all other policies.

    Is self-neglect a safeguarding issue?

    The Care Act 2004 includes self neglect and abuse in regard to safeguarding adults. It is vital to assess whether or not a person can make a decision about their wellbeing. As long as no other people are at risk, there is no major risk of serious harm, everything is recorded and the relevant agencies have been informed, then safeguarding action isn't necessary.

    How do you know when emergency services are required?

    It is only necessary to call 999 if you believe that someone is in immediate danger & there is a crime in progress. If you think that someone is being abused or neglected then call the local police or the local council, if you believe it is happening in a care home.

    What different types of abuse are there?

    Here are some of the different types of abuse and examples of them:

    • Psychological - emotional abuse, humiliation, control, coercion, isolation and cyber-bullying  
    • Sexual - indecent exposure, rape, sexual photography, inappropriate touching or subjection to witnessing sexual acts
    • Modern slavery - human trafficking, slavery or forced labour.
    • Discriminatory- derogatory comments, harassment, being denied medical treatment or not providing access to it
    • Financial - fraud, theft, scamming or coercion to get someone to wrongly invest their money
    • Neglect - ignoring the needs of a person (emotional, physical or medical), failure to provide access to medical or support services or withholding necessitates e.g. medication.
    • Physical - hitting, slapping, pushing, punching, forcing medication to someone, restraint or assault.
    • Domestic -  includes some of the other abuse types above: physical, aexual, emotional, financial or psychological.
    • Self neglect - this covers when someone is neglecting to care for themselves e.g. personal hygiene or surroundings.
    • Organisational - neglect within an organisation, poor care practise or an institution or care or hospital setting.

     

    What is the deprivation of liberty safeguards?

    The DoLS is an amendment of the Mental Capacity Act. DoLS is in place to protect people who are not able to make decisions themselves when in Care or Hospital, and make sure they are not deprived of liberty. Care Homes and Hospitals must apply for DoLS authorisation for a person from a local authority in England.

    What is the difference between abuse and neglect?

    Abuse is -

    • Mistreatment and attempt to harm other people
    • It can be physical, psychological, verbal sexual or financial.

    Neglect is -

    • Failure to care or prevent someone being harmed
    • Educational, medical, physical, or psychological.

FAQs regarding our Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards course

How long is the course?

This course takes 30 minutes to complete.

How long is my certificate valid for?

It is up to the training administrator of the employee as to when the expiry date is set to on the certificates. However, to stay up-to-date with legislation, we recommend that training should be renewed every year.

Who is this course suitable for?

This course is suitable for anyone working in Care or in Hospitals

What devices can I complete the course on?

Our courses can be completed on a range of devices, they’re compatible with Desktops, laptops, mobile phones, iPads and other tablets.

What approvals does this course have?

This course is CPD Accredited.

 

FAQs regarding our Safeguarding Children course

Is there any legislation surrounding the course?

The Children and Young Persons Act 2008 helps authorities regulate official intervention in the best interests of children. Our course helps you work towards this piece of legislation.

How long does this course take?

This course takes 55 minutes to complete including the multiple choice test.

What approvals does this course have?

This course is CPD accredited and has IIRSM Approval.

What devices can I complete this course on?

Our courses can be completed on a range of devices, they’re compatible with Desktops, laptops, mobile phones, iPads and other tablets.

How long is my certificate valid for?

It is up to the training administrator of the employee as to when the expiry date is set to on the certificates. However, to stay up-to-date with legislation, we recommend that training should be renewed every year.

 

FAQs regarding our Safeguarding Adults Course course

How long does this course take to complete?

This course takes 30 minutes to complete

What approvals does this course have?

This course is CPD Accredited

What legislation applies to this course?

The legislation that is relevant to this course is The Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards 2009. It is an amendment of the Mental Capacity Act and was created to prevent deprivation of liberty without proper safeguards. Our course helps you work towards compliance with this piece of legislation.

How long is my certificate valid for?

It is up to the training administrator of the employee as to when the expiry date is set to on the certificates. However, to stay up-to-date with legislation, we recommend that training should be renewed every year.

What devices is this course available from?

Our courses can be completed on a range of devices, they’re compatible with Desktops, laptops, mobile phones, iPads and other tablets

Documents and Resources