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A Guide to Warehouse Health & Safety

A guide to warehouse Health & Safety

With vehicles, heavy packages and dangerous machinery, warehouses have the potential to be very hazardous working environments.

Injuries in warehouses account for around 8500 work-related accidents each year, with around 1600 of these being classified as major injuries, such as fractures and even amputations! 

The most common injuries in warehouses are a result of: 

  • Slips, trips and falls 
  • Poor manual handling 
  • Falls from height 
  • Being hit by a moving vehicle
  • Moving or falling objects

And they are most likely to happen in or around: 

  • Docks 
  • Conveyors
  • Materials Storage 

Avoiding Slips and Trips in a warehouse 

Slips 

Slips happen when a floor is wet or contaminated. The chances of slipping in a warehouse are higher due to the products that are contained within the warehouse, such as water, oil, cleaning products, foodstuffs... you get the idea! But even things like plastic bags have the potential to cause slips! 

So how do you go about preventing slips in a warehouse? Your first priority should be to stop the floor from being contaminated in the first place by maintaining equipment correctly. Should the floor become contaminated, make sure it is dealt with immediately, don't let it become a hazard for someone else! 

You could also look at fitting slip-resistant flooring. This doesn't mean ripping out your old floor - you can simply buy rolls of slip-resistant flooring that sit on top of the current flooring. Footwear is also very important, but you should only consider issuing footwear to control slips as a last resort! 

Trips

Good housekeeping is important and everyone is responsible for it. Staff should be inspecting the warehouse regularly for any trip hazards and if any are present, they should be cleared immediately.

Workflows and storage should be planned so that equipment, goods and waste do not block any walkways. 

Check out our Slips, Trips and Falls Training

Avoiding poor Manual Handling in a warehouse 

Avoiding poor manual handling in a warehouse

With manual handling playing such a big role in warehouse operations, it's vital that warehouse staff get it right. Conducting poor manual handling over a prolonged period of time can cause nasty musculoskeletal disorders. The most common problems for warehouse staff to encounter are lower back and neck pain. 

Manual handling isn't usually a high-risk task but if it does present a risk, try to avoid carrying out the task in the first place. If it cannot be avoided, do all you can to minimise the risk of injury. 

The 4 main things to consider when manual handling are: 

  • The task 
  • The load 
  • The working environment 
  • Individual capability 

All warehouse staff should be provided with suitable training - and our Manual Handling Training is CPD and IOSH approved for your reassurance. 

Avoiding Falls from Height in a warehouse 

Avoiding falls in a warehouse

Any work at height (including work carried out for you by a contractor) should always be properly planned and appropriately supervised. If possible, avoid working at height in the first place. Although we understand this isn't always possible when working in a warehouse environment, and as such, you should make sure you select the right equipment for the work. 

Some of the most common falls in warehouses occur when people are working on ladders and step-ladders. Before using a ladder, ask yourself, is this the safest way of carrying out the task at hand? You should be able to show that it's not practical to use alternative, safer equipment. 

Never use fork-lifts to access work at height and never climb on racking! 

Check out our Working at Height and Ladder Safety Training.

Avoiding injuries from moving vehicles in a warehouse 

Avoiding injuries from moving vehicles in a warehouse

Injuries from moving vehicles account for around 25% of all warehouse injuries and generally speaking, the larger the vehicle, the higher chance the injury will be classified as 'major'. 

'Traffic routes' should be designed and implemented. Consider: 

  • The type of vehicle being used
  • Minimising the need for reversing 
  • Avoiding sharp bends if possible
  • Maintenance 
  • Anything that could affect speed/stability (EG slopes)

Try to use a one-way system, but if this isn't possible make sure you use vehicles with reversing sensors and/or rear-view cameras.

When taking in deliveries, visiting drivers should be made aware of any Health & Safety procedures to ensure their own safety and the safety of others. It might be worth you creating copies of site rules with images to relay the message to people who do not speak English or have a limited vocabulary. 

If you have multiple drivers in your warehouse, be sure to check out our Driver Awareness Training

Avoiding injuries from moving or falling objects in a warehouse

Avoiding injuries from falling objects in a warehouse

If there are specific areas of the warehouse where objects are more likely to fall, make sure it is clearly indicated and that unauthorised people do not enter the area. 

Storage areas must be clearly marked and should avoid tight corners, doors, pillars and uneven surfaces - all these make falling objects a more likely occurrence! 

All pallets should be closely inspected to make sure they are in good condition. If any pallets are damaged, remove them for fixing or destruction. Use stretch wrap to ensure load stability. 

Racking should also be inspected regularly and should never be overloaded. There should be three types of inspection: 

  • Visual inspections at regular intervals 
  • Expert inspections from a competent person 
  • Immediate reporting of damage

How iHasco helped Kelly's Storage 

iHasco recently partnered with Kelly's Storage, a self-storage and records management solution based in Guildford. All of their warehouse staff and drivers lift heavy loads throughout the day... 

With many warehouse staff and removal drivers who are continuously lifting boxes, packages and other (much heavier) objects, it was really important for us to find some quality Manual Handling Training that was both time-efficient and easy-to-use. iHasco ticked all of the boxes and the set up was so simple. Thanks to iHasco our staff will have a much better understanding of how to correctly carry out manual handling procedures.

Chris Bazen, Kellys Storage

Kelly's Storage manual handling

Get free trial access to any 3 of the courses mentioned above! 

We offer a 14-day free trial period that grants you access to any 3 of our courses! We recommend that every warehouse supplies the following training to its staff: 

Take a look at our entire course library for more inspiration!